SQL Server Unique Licensing features – Part 2

 

Free Passive Support

SQL Server is the only Product that has an extended fail-over rights actually provided in the PUR, as below, this means you can set up a separate server in passive mode to take the duties of the active SQL server if it should fail, this support is provided on a temporary basis, for a max of 30days

SQL Server 2005 offers 3 types of fail-over support:

Database mirroring is a new SQL Server 2005 technology for increasing database availability. Database mirroring transfers transaction log records directly from one server to another and can quickly fail-over to the standby server.

Fail-over clustering. Fail-over clustering is a process in which the operating system and SQL Server 2005 work together to provide availability in the event of an application failure, hardware failure, or operating-system error. Fail-over clustering provides hardware redundancy through a configuration in which mission-critical resources are transferred from a failing machine to an equally configured server automatically.

Back-up Log-Shipping. Log-shipping increases a SQL Server database’s availability by automatically copying and restoring the database’s transaction logs to another database on a standby server. Because the standby database receives all changes to the original database, it’s an exact duplicate of the original database—out of date only by the delay in the copy-and-load process. You then have the ability to make the standby server a new primary server if the original primary server becomes unavailable. When the original primary server becomes available again, you can make it a new standby server—effectively reversing the servers’ roles.

The purpose of the passive server is to absorb the data and information held in another server that fails.

Database Mirroring and Fail-Over Clustering will be available for Standard and Enterprise Editions.

Back-Up Log Shipping will be available in Workgroup, Standard and Enterprise Editions.

Figure 3. Passive Servers. The passive server does not require a license given that no queries are being executed against it.

Figure 4. Passive Servers. The passive server requires a license, given that queries are being run against snapshot reporting.

 

SQL permits Multi-Instancing

Were multiple copies of an application run concurrently on a single copy of an OS.

Multi-instancing for SQL Server 2005 can take place both in a virtual environment or in a physical environment.

While multi-instancing offers a relatively high degree of isolation between copies of SQL2005, this isolation takes place at the application level (instead of at the OS level).

When SQL Server 2005 runs inside a virtual operating environment, it requires at least one license per virtual operating environment.

Several copies or instances of SQL Server 2005 can run inside a virtual operating environment.

These must be licensed as follows:

When licensed Server / CAL

Workgroup, Standard and Enterprise Editions now allow for unlimited instances within each virtual or physical operating environment. Previously, only the Enterprise Edition of the Server license allowed multi-instancing. Each virtual of physical operating environment containing a running instance of SQL requires a Server license.

When licensed Per Processor

Workgroup, Standard and Enterprise Editions allow for unlimited instances in each virtual or physical operating environment. Each virtual operating environment running SQL Server 2005 must have a processor license for each processor that the virtual machine accesses. If a copy of SQL is running on a physical operating environment, then processor licenses are required for all of the processors on that physical server.

 

SQL and Multi-Core Processors

Multicore processors, which consist of multiple processing execution units or “cores” on one chip, are seen as a promising way to boost computing power. Microsoft has been driving thought leadership in this area by charging the same amount per processor, regardless of how many cores are in the processor. In contrast, Oracle views each “core” as three-quarters of a processor and “rounds up” to the closes whole number for each processor. IBM has a dual policy where customers with x86 platforms are charged per processor and customers on IBM’s POWER5-based systems are charged per core.

 

Multicore. In each of these scenarios, a single processor license is required for SQL Server

Next time – Multiplexing………………..

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9 Comments

  1. How about licensing for the Management Studio? If I have a license for SQL Standard edition, can I install the Management studio on my workstation to manage that instance?

  2. Hi Sven
     
    Same rules apply, if you install Management studio on the same server as SQL Server, no additonal licenses, if you install SQL Server on a seperate machine then install SSMS, you will need an additonal license
     
    Client tools are covered with a CAL – anything listed in the PUR under additonal Software is covered via a SQL CAL
     
    Cheers Emma

  3. Emma, a quick question; in part 1 you indicate that for EE in per processor mode, once the required no. of processor licenses have been bought to cover the physical processorts on the box that \’any number of virtual operating system environments\’ can be run – in part 2 however you say that \’each virtual operating environment running SS 2005 must have a processor license for each processor that the virtual machine accesses\’
     
    Part 2 suggests to me that the No. licenses required is multiplied by the number of virtual operating system environments which seems to contradict part 1.?
     
    Apologies if I\’m getting confused but can you clarify – many thanks,
    Richard.

  4. Hi Richard
     
    The SQL 2005 EE rules are an "exception" to the "normal" rules
    So what you will see stated in part 2 is the "normal" rules for Std/WG/EE as an exception to that rule, in the case of EE, its capped at the Physcial Proc count, so this rule, over-rides the "normal" rules for EE only
    Sorry I know it looks a bit confusing, but legally it the way it has to be stipulated out
     
    So SQL 2005 EE is capped at Physcial proc count, you dont count virtual procs at all
    SQL 2005 Std/WG is licensed on Physcial and Virtual procs<were appropriate>
    Hope this helps
    Emma

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  6. Hi SamManagement studio is classed as "additonal software" see below for rules and infoRunning Instances of the Additional Software. You may run or otherwise use any number of instances of the additional software listed in the table below in physical or virtual operating system environments on any number of devices. You may use those instances only with the server software. Use of any instance with the server software may be indirect, through other additional software, or direct.Product List of Additional SoftwareSQL Server 2008 Workgroup, Standard, Enterprise and Web • Business Intelligence Development Studio• Client Tools Backward Compatibility• Client Tools Connectivity• Client Tools Software Development Kit• Management Studio• Sync Framework• SQL Server 2008 Books OnlineHope this helpsEmma

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